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About Kolkata

Known as “City of Joy”, Kolkata is one of the largest metropolises of the world. Apart from being the capital of the West Bengal, it is also a principal commercial, cultural, and educational center of East India. Located on the banks of the Hooghly, Kolkata came into prominence during British era when it emerged as a seat of power.

About Kolkata

Religiously and ethnically diverse culture of Kolkata makes it a popular place to visit, particularly during festive times. Well established local traditions in art, literature, drama, film, theatre of Kolkata have gained wide audiences. Popular religious and tourist destinations like Kalighat Temple, Dakshineshwar Temple, Victoria Memorial, Birla Planetarium are located in this eastern part of India.

Kolkata: Past & Present

History of Kolkata is linked with the rise of English East India Company. Its emergence can be attributed to the establishment of English East India Company. The city that developed over three villages Kalikata, Gobindapur, and Sutanuti remained the capital of the British Indian Empire until 1911 when the capital was relocated to Delhi. Kolkata was an epicenter of the 19th- and early 20th-century Bengal Renaissance which begun with Raja Ram Mohan Roy and continued until the death of Rabindranath Tagore. Bengal Renaissance contributed tremendously in the abolition of Sati, polygamy, infanticide, child marriage, Dowry, untouchability etc. Further it led to the establishment of prestigious Presidency College, Kolkata (now known as Presidency University, Kolkata). Kolkata also contributed a lot in the freedom struggle. It was the hotbed of extremist activities and witnesses mass movement during Partition Bengal in 1905. Sri Aurobindo Ghosh, Rash Behari Bose, Subhas Chandra Bose, Jatindra Nath Das were some of the popular freedom fighters hailing from Kolkata.

History og Kolkata

Following Indian independence in 1947, Kolkata saw rapid urbanization in every walk of life. It was the first city of India to launch metro rail service in 1984, followed by Delhi in 2002. Today Kolkata comprises 3 municipal corporations, 39 local municipalities and 24 panchayat samitis. Shobhabazar, Shyambazar, Cossipore, Chitpur, Baranagar, Sinthee, and Dum Dum are some of the densely populated areas of Kolkata. The Kolkata Municipal Corporation ( KMC) which held’s jurisdiction over Kolkata also incorporate parts of the following districts: North 24 Parganas, South 24 Parganas, Howrah, Hooghly, and Nadia.

Geography and Climate of Kolkata

Climate of Kolkata

Lying on the eastern bank of the Hooghly River, Kolkata has a tropical wet-and-dry climate. Annual temperatures average about 79º F. (26º C); annual rainfall is about 66 inches (1,680 mm). The city experiences summer season from March to June which is marked by hot and humid climate. Winter season keeps the city under its grip from November to February when temperature may dip some around between 9–11 °C. Being a principal commercial center in eastern India Kolkata with its port handles large chunk of India's foreign trade. At Howrah, a suburb of Kolkata you can find number of jute industry. Chemicals, Shipbuilding, Textiles are other major industries of the region.

Kolkata Art & Culture

Popularly known as “Cultural Capital of India”, Kolkata is the birthplace of modern Indian literary and artistic thought. It was the epicenter of Bengal Renaissance and made rapid strides in the field of art and culture. The name of famous authors like Rabindranath Tagore, Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar, Kazi Nazrul Islam, Sarat Chandra Chattopadhyay, Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay, Michael Madhusudan Dutt are associated with the city. Many Social reformers like Raja Ram Mohan Roy, Swami Vivekananda and others have also contributed in the advancement of Kolkata.

Colors of life

Rabindrasangeet is very popular in Kolkata. Kirtans, and Gajan festival music are also popular music of Bengal. Other popular Folk Music of Kolkata includes Baul , Bhatiali and Majlishi. Group theatres of Kolkata are very popular. Kolkata is also home to directors Satyajit Ray, Mrinal Sen, Aparna Sen, Tapan Sinha, Rituparno Ghosh and many other icons of Bengali cinema industry dubbed "Tollywood" for Tollygunj. Jatra, a traditional of folk drama of Bengal is very popular in Kolkata.

Kalighat painting owes its origin to Kolkata which is amply reflected in its style and form. The painting includes variety of themes including mythology and quotidian life. Kolkata holds the distinction of being workplace of eminent artists including Jamini Roy, Abanindranath Tagore, and Nandalal Bose.

Festivals Celebrated in Kolkata

Festivals Celebrated in KolkataDurga Puja celebrated with fun and frolic is Kolkata's most important festival. The period witnesses the influx of tourists and visitors from across various destinations. Celebrated with much pomp and fair, it contributes a lot in the economy of Bengal. During festive time you can see many big and colorful Puja pandals all across Kolkata. Kol Poila Boishak or the Bengali New Year, and Poush Parbonbthe harvest festival are also important .

Others like Jagaddhatri Puja, Diwali, Saraswati Puja, Eid, Holi, Christmas, and Rath Yatra are also part and parcel of Kolkata cultural life. Being a hub of intellectual ideas it also hosts number of events like the Nandikar's National Theatre Festival, Dover Lane Music Festival, Kolkata Book Fair and the Kolkata Film Festival.

Places to visit in Kolkata

The “City of Joy”, Kolkata has plethora of tourist destinations. Tourists and visitors often visit this beautiful city to explore its hidden beauty. Famous tourist destination in the city includes Maidan, Victoria Memorial, Botanical Gardens, Aquatica water park, Science City, Birla Planetarium and many others. Howrah Bridge, the world famous cantilever bridge located over the Hooghly River is one of the busiest bridges of the world. Popular Pilgrimage destination includes Kalighat Kali Temple, Dakshineshwar Temple, Belur Math, Tipu Sultan Shahi Mosque, Saint Pauls Cathedral etc.

Shopping in Kolkata

Shopping in Kolkata can be quite fruitful with numerous intriguing shopping avenues. The capital of West Bengal has a lot to offer to shoppers looking for traditional and ethnic wear. No wonder the city provides a wonderful option for shopping. There are numerous malls and markets offering diverse array of artifacts to choose from. One can buy beautiful cotton and silk sarees from here. Apart from apparels you can also buy inexpensive electronic devices, watches and other major items.

Kolkata travel guide

There are also several hyper markets and malls in Kolkata. The best thing is that most of the markets are segmented on the availability of any particular product or item, making it easy for visitors looking for any specialized goods or items.While Gariahat and Shyambazar are known for saris, handicrafts, and terracotta items, Air Conditioned Market at Shakespeare Sarani is famous for its Electronic, Household, Watches and other products. Whenever looking for high quality and authentic jewellery, visit Bowbazar Market at B B Ganguly Street. Here you can also find Wooden Furniture, Musical Instruments, Shoes, and other popular items. South City Mall, Forum Mall, Emami Shoppers' City, are some of the highly popular shopping destinations of attracting tourists and visitors from across country and abroad.

Transportation of Kolkata

Unlike other metro cities, Kolkata has a well developed modern transportation system. Buses, Kolkata Suburban Railway, the Kolkata Metro, trams, taxis are major modes of transportation in this city. Bus terminus at Esplanade, Karunamoyee, and Babughat connects to different parts of the city. They cover stops at Park Circus, Sealdah Railway Station and Howrah.

Transport in Kolkata

Trams also contribute in the making the life easy and comfortable for the daily commuters. Cheap and affordable it is best for short distance. Hire Yellow colored taxi to airport hauling or for reaching the desired destination in time. Kolkata Metro Rail that connects city from Dum Dum train station (north) to Tollygunge (south) is certainly one of the safest mode of traveling in Kolkata.

Kolkata at a glance

State: West Bengal
Metropolitan Area: 1380 sq. km. (1991)
Languages spoken: Bengali, Hindi, Urdu and English
Altitude: 17 ft above sea level
Winter temperature: 30° C - 10° C
Summer temperature: 30° C - 40° C
Best time to visit: October to March
STD Code: 033
Major tourist attractions: Victoria Memorial, Botanical Gardens, Birla Planetarium, Belurmath, Fort William, Eden Gardens, Howrah bridge, Writer's building & Science City
Major festivals: Durga Puja, Kali Puja, Saraswati Puja, Jagaddhatri Puja, Diwali, Saraswati Puja, Eid, Holi, Christmas, & Rath Yatra
Major fairs: Calcutta book Fair, Poush Mela & Joydev mela

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Comments / Discussion Board - About Kolkata

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  • J
    Jagdish Singh from Panchkula 1381 Days ago

    I was in Kolkata for one and i noticed that mode of transportation is very cheap than other city and one can get any types of food in all range.

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  • K
    Kumari Pushpa from Delhi 1381 Days ago

    I am really very exicted to travel in Tram because it's very old mode of transportation and it's only in Kolkata.

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  • K
    Kumari Pushpa from Delhi 1381 Days ago

    I saw tram in Youtube and very excited to travel in Tram because it's very old model of transport and only in Kolkata.

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  • R
    Richa from Jaipur 1698 Days ago

    i want to know that how many days is durga puja celebrated in kolkata city?

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    kolkataonline.in Expertfrom 1381 Days ago

    Hi! It's five days festival and is celebrated with great pomp.

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