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Kolkata is known for its cultural heritage and splendid architecture. The architecture of the city reveal about its colonial past which is reflected in both religious an well as secular buildings of the era. If you are an architectural admirer then there is lot to exploit. Churches in Kolkata are fine example to testify the same. With breathtaking structural designs they attract and appeal every eyes. For any person it will be hard to overlook the designs and carvings of the famous churches of Kolkata. Although the
birth of Christianity in India is unknown, there is a general scholarly
accord that states that Christianity was started in India by the 6th
century AD. Since most of the churches dates back to decades ago the
structural design of these old churches is a just divine and appeals to
every architectural buff who walks through their doors. With more than
35 churches/parishes here is list of oldest churches in Kolkata famous marvelous designs.
Saint Paul’s Cathedral Kolkata
The Saint Paul’s cathedral counts amongst the most important religious places in Kolkata. The construction of this church started in 1839 and was finally completed after a lot of hard work in 1847. This building designed by Major William Nairn Forbes is constructed in an Indo-Gothic architectural style.The cathedrals unique architectural design attracts people from all over the
globe . The main hall is large, with delicate artwork covering the eastern walls, skillfully carved wooden pews and chairs, two marvelous Florentine frescoes, and stained glass windows in the West. Inside the Saint Paul’s Cathedral, Kolkata are exquisite mural paintings that vividly describe the life and works of St. Paul. In terms of popularity it lacks none be the Victoria
Memorial, Nandan, Rabindra Sadan theater complex, or the Birla
Planetarium. Very well maintained, it is a very
peaceful and serene place. Prayers and other services are held on a
regular basis. On the eve of Christmas the church assumes festive look.
Important Informations about St. Paul's Cathedral, Kolkata
Address: 1A, Cathedral Rd, Kolkata, West Bengal 700071 Opened: 1847 Architectural style: Gothic Revival architecture Architect: William Nairn Forbes Visiting Time: 9:00 A.M to 12:00 Noon and from 3:00 P.M to 6:00 P.M.
Armenian Church Kolkata
Known as the "Mother Church of the Indian Armenians", the Armenian church of the Holy Nazareth is located in the northwest corner of Barabazar in the Greater Kolkata area. Originally the Armenian Church was built on the land in 1688, but get destroyed by a fire, and was rebuilt in 1724 by Agha Nazar.The entire interior is decorated with marble and has a staircase that
leads to a gallery section that are festooned with fresco's paintings.
The alter consists of a cross, the Gospel text and 12 candle sticks
symbolizing Jesus Christ's Twelve Apostles and paintings by English
artist AE Harris, "Holy Trinity", "Last Supper" and "The Enshrouding of
Important Informations about Armenian church, Kolkata
Address: Old China Bazar St, China Bazar, Bara bazar, Kolkata, WB 700001 Visiting Time: 10:00 A.M to 7:00 P.M
Saint John's Church Kolkata
Originally a cathedral, Saint John’s church
was one of the first public buildings erected by the East India
Company. It is one of the oldest church in Kolkata. Also called 'The
Stone Church' due to the use of stones obtained from Ganda, and Chunar,
it is constructed in the Greek architectural pattern.The construction
that started on 6th April, 1874 finally ended in 1884. The design of
the church was modeled according to the St
Martin-in-the-Fields of London. Saint John’s church was built by
architect Lieutenant James Agg with a combination of bricks and stone
which later earned it a nickname “Pathure Girja” i.e. Stone Church.
church has amazing neoclassical architecture and interior design.
The most distinctive feature is a stone spire that's about 174ft tall,
which has a clock that is wound up every day. The interior of this
church is just impressive with tall column frames on all sides of the
church; the floor is an exceptional hue of the combination of blue-gray
caused by the Gaur.Sufficient sunlight passes through the large windows
fitted with colored glass. Behind the alter is lies a painting
of the last supper by the British artist of German origin, Johann
Alongside the walls of the church you’ll see memorial tablets, statues
and plaques mostly of British army officers and civil servants.
Important Informations about Saint John's Church, Kolkata
Address: Kiran Shankar Roy Rd, B B D Bagh, Kolkata, WB 700001 Phone:033 2243 6098 Visiting Time: 8:00 am – 5:00 pm
Mar Thoma Syrian Church Kolkata
The idea to build the Mar Thoma Syrian Church came about in the late 50’s by the congregation of the Mar Thoma Syrian Church. The congregation in Kolkata came into existence in 1947 and in 1967 the church was constructed with two floor and later extended to four floors. The motto of this church is "Lighted to lighten". This small church that came together for the purpose of pray and education, soon started social service to help the needy under the banner of Janata Medical Service . The church also runs a medical clinic general clinic, maternity ward, family welfare clinic, child care center, pathological laboratory etc.
Important Informations about Mar Thoma Syrian Church, Kolkata
The Baptist Church is located at Dr Suresh Sarkar Rd. The church remains open 24 hours a day. The Baptist churches have two ministers, pastors and deacons. Most people consider Baptist churches, to be protestant churches, though some Baptists deny this identity. Baptists are diverse from one another with regards to what they believe, how they worship, their attitudes toward other Christians, and their understanding of what is important in Christian discipleship. In 1836 the first American Baptist missionaries arrived at North East India. There also exists a Bengal Orissa Bihar Baptist Convention which consists of a protestant denomination in India and operates in Odisha, Bihar and West Bengal, in the eastern part of India. The denomination has about 12,000 members, and approximately 70 congregations.