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Geography of Kolkata

Kolkata, the capital of West Bengal is located on the bank of the River Hooghly. You will be surprised to know that in terms of area, it third biggest metro city in India and 7th largest metropolitan city of the world. Kolkata is the leading metropolitan cluster in eastern India and is spread over 185 km2 (71 sq mi). The present city is Kolkata has evolved over more than three centuries. The demographic and financial predominance of the city remains noteworthy.

Geography of Kolkata

Kolkata with a population of 14.1 million is one of the fastest growing metro cities of India. Fascinatingly, the city has been witnessing sharp turn down in the population because of the close proximity to saturation of the city. But the land rates in Kolkata Metropolitan Area (KMA), the towns neighboring Kolkata City have been mounting. Demographic predominance of KMA is the consequence of a vivacious economy that the city practiced over a persistent time period. The city has contribution of around 30 % to State Domestic Product, while it is home to 18% of the State's population. KMA caters foremost fiscal, commercial, learning, health and other necessities of this eastern city of West Bengal.

Demography of Kolkata

With immense expansion of metropolitan population, concentration of population is more in the popular areas of the city. According to the 2011 Census the Kolkata has a population of 14.1 million. The stream of immigration from other states and from other parts of West Bengal to city is a major factor for the sharp increase in the population of the city.

Rivers in Kolkata


Hooghly River

The land of Kolkata is washed by the Hooghly River which is known as a lifeline of the City of Joy. It is very essential to the city as it effects the daily life and also climate of the region. Furthermore it is a major source of livelihood for fishermen.The water from the river is used for variety of purposes. It is a major source of water supply in homes and nearby areas of Kolkata. The water of the river is also used by industries and manufacturing units. The vegetation originated along waterway is essential for ecology and soil erosion.

Climate of Kolkata

Kolkata has a Tropical Wet and Dry Climate. The Annual Mean Temperature is 26.9° C. while Monthly Mean Temperatures vary from 19° C to 30° C. Lying on the eastern bank of the Hooghly River, Summers (March–June) is marked by hot and humid climate while winter witnesses 9–11 °C in December and January. Kolkata gets the mainstream rainfall from the South-West Monsoon stuck between June and September. The Annual Rainfall is about 66 inches (1,680 mm) and is at its peak during the month of August. Few times there is no rainfall for several weeks and then varying into rapid downpour towards the ending of the Monsoon period. This often leads to flooding in the urban areas.

Due to its proximity to Bay of Bengal it is a major commercial destination in the east and handles large chunk of India's foreign trade. The city handles a large portion of India's foreign trade, dealing in both manufactured and agricultural products. Howrah, a suburb of Kolkata is nucleus of jute industry in India. Shipbuilding, Paper, Cars, Chemicals, Textiles are other popular industries in or near Kolkata. Many of India's motion pictures are made in Kolkata.The city not only to provides employment to the landless laborers but also supports the growth of budding IT & companies.

Kolkata at a Glance

State: West Bengal
Metropolitan Area: 1380 sq. km. (1991)
Languages spoken: Bengali, Hindi, Urdu and English
Altitude: 17 ft above sea level
Latitude: 22 degree 82 minutes North
Longitude : 88 degrees 20 minutes East
Winter temperature: 30° C - 10° C
Summer temperature: 30° C - 40° C
Average Rainfall : 160cm
Major Rivers: Hooghly
Distance from sea: 60 miles from Bay of Bengal

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Comments / Discussion Board - Geography of Kolkata

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    Sachin Kumar from Durgapur 1378 Days ago

    I have lived in Kolkata more than 2 years. I used to go for walk near Hoobly river everyday.

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