Geography of Kolkata
Kolkata with a population of 14.1 million is one of the fastest growing metro cities of India. Fascinatingly, the city has been witnessing sharp turn down in the population because of the close proximity to saturation of the city. But the land rates in Kolkata Metropolitan Area (KMA), the towns neighboring Kolkata City have been mounting. Demographic predominance of KMA is the consequence of a vivacious economy that the city practiced over a persistent time period. The city has contribution of around 30 % to State Domestic Product, while it is home to 18% of the State's population. KMA caters foremost fiscal, commercial, learning, health and other necessities of this eastern city of West Bengal.
Demography of KolkataWith immense expansion of metropolitan population, concentration of population is more in the popular areas of the city. According to the 2011 Census the Kolkata has a population of 14.1 million. The stream of immigration from other states and from other parts of West Bengal to city is a major factor for the sharp increase in the population of the city.
Rivers in Kolkata
Climate of KolkataKolkata has a Tropical Wet and Dry Climate. The Annual
Mean Temperature is 26.9° C. while Monthly Mean Temperatures vary from
19° C to 30° C. Lying on the eastern bank of the Hooghly River, Summers (March–June) is marked by hot and humid climate while winter witnesses 9–11 °C in December and January. Kolkata gets the mainstream rainfall from the South-West
Monsoon stuck between June and September. The Annual Rainfall is about
66 inches (1,680 mm) and is at its peak during the month of
August. Few times there is no rainfall
for several weeks and then varying into rapid downpour towards the
ending of the Monsoon period. This often leads to
flooding in the urban areas.
Due to its proximity to Bay of Bengal it is a major commercial destination in the east and handles large chunk of India's foreign trade. The city handles a large portion of India's foreign trade, dealing in both manufactured and agricultural products. Howrah, a suburb of Kolkata is nucleus of jute industry in India. Shipbuilding, Paper, Cars, Chemicals, Textiles are other popular industries in or near Kolkata. Many of India's motion pictures are made in Kolkata.The city not only to provides employment to the landless laborers but also supports the growth of budding IT & companies.
Kolkata at a GlanceState: West Bengal
Metropolitan Area: 1380 sq. km. (1991)
Languages spoken: Bengali, Hindi, Urdu and English
Altitude: 17 ft above sea level
Latitude: 22 degree 82 minutes North
Longitude : 88 degrees 20 minutes East
Winter temperature: 30° C - 10° C
Summer temperature: 30° C - 40° C
Average Rainfall : 160cm
Major Rivers: Hooghly
Distance from sea: 60 miles from Bay of Bengal