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Kolkata the capital of West Bengal situated on the eastern banks of River Hooghly is one of the famous places to visit in India. Topographically, the city is divided into five geographical units, namely north, south, east, west and central Kolkata including the adjoining regions. An astronomical network of railways, subways, roads and water conveyance interlinks the city with the Kolkata Metro running from Dum Dum in the north to Tollygunge in the South. Each of the areas is self sufficient and have their own establishments like schools and colleges, hotels, markets, medical agencies etc. Several firms majorly IT hub of India with firms like Infosys are
investing in Kolkata . Owing to the boom in corporate ITs in the City,
New residential property are coming up in Kolkata.The vibrant and posh part of the city covers Lake Town Maniktalla, Shyam bazar, Shobha bazar, Alipore, Bhawanipur,
Ballygunge,Rash Behari and many other parts. . The rapidly mushrooming localities to the
south of the city, Southern fringes includes Jadavpur, Behala, Garia,
Tollygunge and Narendrapur. The city additionally has a number of
edifying institutes and shopping malls. This component of the city is
relatively more incipient where a plethora of expansion going on.
Every locality of Kolkata verbalizes of culture and aestheticism. The City locates the Academy of Fine Arts which is one of the oldest art society in India, Arjoe Regalement that engenders Bengali films and music, Birla Academy of Art and Culture which is a prominent international venue for local exhibitions, Mamata Shankar Ballet Troupe-a dance institute engaged in edifying and performing contemporary themes and folk forms. Some of the other cultural heritage holders include Raja Rammohun Roy Library Substratum and Works of Eleena Banik.
Major Localities in and around Kolkata
The area of north Kolkata consist of the oldest area of the city dominated by narrow lanes and old century buildings. The North Kolkata includes areas of Bagbazar, Chitpur, Belgachhia, Shobha Bazaar, Shyam Bazaar, Maniktala, Jora Sanko and the most famous College Street area. The area additionally locates the Sealdah station, one of the largest and busiest train hubs in India, including the incipiently built Kolkata station. However Dum Dum is the prime communication hub of Kolkata having Metro Rail, Circular Rail, International Airport and Ground Rail. There are additionally a number of factories in the northern fringes including factories for cotton, jute, paper, ordnance and chemicals.
Dum Dum is a component of the Dum Dum Municipality under Barrackpore sub-division and is a popular place in north Kolkata. The popularity of Dum Dum, fundamentally corresponds to it being one of the main ingression points to the city of Kolkata. The junction provides a number of conveyance facilities in the city from the northwest of the Bengal. The most noted being the Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose International Airport, formerly Dum Dum Airport, which provides domestic and international flight departures. Ordinance Factory Dum Dum that manufactures armaments and equipments for the Indian Armed Forces is a major industrial unit in the area.
Dakshineswar comes under Kamarhati Municipality in Barrackpore subdivision of the city. The town is fundamentally famous for maths & temples, of which the most famous are the Dakshineswar Kali Temple & Adyapeath. The claim to fame of the town links up to Dakshineswar being the workplace for the famous 19th century saint of India, Ramakrishna Paramahamsa. The establishment of Ramakrishna Mission with the proclamation of the preponderant of Vedic Culture gave elevate to Bengali nationalism bringing great gregarious religious Renaissance in India. Dakshineswar is well connected to the main city of Kolkata by both rail and road. Dakshineswar railway station is a component of Sealdah.
Lake Town is known to be a posh neighborhood in north Kolkata. The area comes under the jurisdiction of South Dum Dum Municipality. The upscale neighborhood was developed in an orchestrated manner after the Independence of India. Today, it is one of the consequential food and leisure hub in North Kolkata, having many international expeditious food chains and cinema halls. The Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose International Airport is 7 kilometers from Lake Town.
Nagerbazar is withal fine neighborhood in north Kolkata. The area comes under the administration of South Dum Dum Municipality. A flyover was opened at Nagerbazar more to decongest the heftily ponderous traffic on Jessore Road.
Maniktala gets its name from "Manik pir" a mosque located in the vicinity of the area. Maniktala is a residential area of northern Kolkata. The Maniktala Bazaar which is one of the oldest markets of Kolkata can be identified by the clock tower. The market is famous for its fish market and engender. The town is located at the heart of North Kolkata with all types of conveyance facilities to peregrinate to any component of the city with the most proximate metro railway stations being the Girish Park.
Shyambazar comes under Shyampukur police station of Kolkata Police division. Shyambazar earlier kenned as Sutanuti is withal kenned to be the citadel of the Bengali aristocracy. In North Kolkata, Shyambazar is the main point of shopping. For purchase of fabrics one can visit the Gariahat in south Kolkata and College Street-Mahatma Gandhi Road crossing in central Kolkata. For shopping jewellery, Bowbazar in central Calcutta offers the best designs and variety. Considering saccharine meat, the old favorites of Shyambazar are Dwarik Ghosh and Sen Mahasay. Srineketan is one of the major shopping mall of the region. Withstanding the scorching afternoon heat and pleasant drizzles in the evening, Kolkatians are seen at roadside shops for the Chaitra sale offering alluring concessions.
Shyambazar vies with Incipient Market and Gariahat as the most crowded markets in Kolkata. The Shyambazar – Hatibagan area additionally caters extensively to customers on the eve of Durga Puja and for weddings, apart from daily essentialities. A newspaper columnist indited, “A formidable matron with husband and children in tow wading through the crowds at Gariahat and Shyambazar is a familiar visual perception on the eve of Poila Baishakh. Shyambazar has two conventional markets — Shyambazar and Hatibagan. Shyambazar's footpaths have virtually been surmounted by hawkers, who spread out their fare all over the place.
Shobhabazar is comes under Ward No. 9 of Kolkata Municipal Corporation and is bounded by Baghbazar on the north, Kumortuli on the south, Shyambazar on the east and the River Hooghly on the west. The cultural richness of this place corresponds to 1757 when Maharaja Naba Krishna Deb commenced the Durga Puja in Shobhabazar Rajbari wherein he set a pattern for the puja that became a fashion and a status symbol among the upcoming merchant class of Kolkata. In most Bengali pujas Ganesha is an idol worshipped by the Marwari forebears of Jagat Seth; and Durga wears jewellery designed after the Mughals or Nawabs of Oudh. For the past 250 years, generations of haluikars (traditional confectioners) from Bardhaman come down to the Sovabazar Rajbari and make lip-smacking delicacies like jibe gaja, khaja and nimki. It was in the Shobhabazar Rajbari dalan (courtyard) that Swami Vivekananda was accorded a civic reception after his return from the Parliament of the World's Religions at Chicago. Shobhabazar Rajbari is identified as heritage building by Kolkata Municipal Corporation.
Alipur is the headquarters of South 24 Parganas district and is one of the poshest and costliest localities in Kolkata. It is circumvented by the Tolly Nullah to the north, New Alipore to the south, Bhowanipore to the east and the Diamond Harbour Road to the west and is bordered by the Budge Budge section of the Sealdah South section railway line. Alipore is connected to all parts of the city with extensive transportation services- road and rail. The stations that serve Alipore are Majherhat and New Alipore railway station, the Kalighat station of the Kolkata Metro and the Jatin Das Park station is close to Alipore.
Gariya is home to finest upcoming apartments in the city, and is a haven for people looking to get away from the congestion of Kolkata. The most famous apartment complexes comprise of the Hiland Park, Orbit City, Westwind, Sherwood Estate Sugam Park and Bengal. In Garia, the Ambuja's Upohar are the most famous apartment complexes. However, incrementing population day by day, and the upcoming projects and a prodigious number of residential flats and incremented traffic have made Garia virtually identically tantamount to the other congested places of Kolkata, at present. Metro railway has integrated an incipient feather in terms of communication which connects Central & North Kolkata to preserve time & have a comfortable journey.
Ballygunge has a paramount name with the term bâli meaning sand and gônjo rialto or trading centeris. It is an elite locality in South Kolkata flanked by Park Circus in the north, Dhakuria and the Lakes (now called Rabindra Sarobar) in the south, Kasba and the Eastern Railway south suburban line in the east, and the localities of Bhowanipore and Lansdowne in the west. The southern part of the locality consisting of the Gariahat Gol Park area and Rash Behari Avenue is renowned for jewelry, clothing and fresh food market including fish. One can find all varieties of fish throughout the year in Gariahat Market. Ballygunge is additionally noted for several established Durga Puja pandals and is home to the Dover Lane Music Festival, held annually. One of the important junctions in Ballygunge is the Ballygunge Railway Station. Transportation also caters with the underground Metro railway which skirts Ballygunge with the closest station being Kalighat and Jatin Das Park.
Jadavpur falls under the southern neighborhood of Kolkata and is hub of several major learning institutes of India including the Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science, KPC Medical College and Hospital and the most famous of all the Jadavpur University. The area of Jadavpur is rudimentally a residential area wherein the residential complexes are built proximate to the shopping districts of Golpark and Gariahat. The Santoshpur Flyover Bridge connects the far side of Jadavpur.
The local station on the Sealdah Line in Jadavpur accommodates the railway connect for the residents. The area is additionally well connected with a number of bus road accommodation throughout the city and beyond with the Jadavpur 8B bus stand being the most diligent commuting hub for the last 50 years. A sneak peek into the cultural front, Jadavpur is known for its grand celebration of Kali Pujas called Nava-Kali in Kolkata.
The area of Kasba is a suburb in the city of Kolkata located in the southern part of the city circumvented by the Dhakuria and Haltu to the south, Tiljala to the north, the Eastern Metropolitan Bypass to the east and Sealdah South section of the Eastern Railways to the west. Some of the paramount establishments in Kasba include Ruby General Hospital-Kasba Golpark, Siemens-Rash Behari Connector, Meghalaya House-Rash Behari Connector, Genesis Hospital, Garden High School, Naba Ballygange Mahavidyalaya, Kasba Incipient Market and Purba Abasan.
Jodhpur Park locates its area in the southern part of Kolkata wherein it is connected by the Dhakuria Bridge. The area is verbally expressed to be a golf course area during British rule where the Jodhpur Park post office was their reposal room. Jodhpur Park has seven medical stores and eight nationalized nanks with two nursing homes and multiple medico's chambers. Jodhpur Park market serves the daily needs of the residents in the area as it is considered as one of the key residential area in Kolkata city. The area has facilities of a modern amenities and structured city. The area holds hospitals, residential quarters, hotels, schools and other consequential institutes. It is kenned for its clean roads, greenery and the area is one of the most posh areas in South Kolkata as it is closer to South City Mall, Gariahat, Jadavpur University, Tollygunge tram depot, Dhakuria Railway station. Thus the area is valued for its excellent connectivity to all components of the city.
In a recent survey by Telegraph it’s rated the 3rd best area to reside in Kolkata after Ballygunge Place and Incipient Alipore. It withal has a lake. It is withal famous for Aurobindo Seva Kendra(EEDF),one of the most immensely colossal hospitals in Kolkata. The famous Golf Course of Taliganja is a couple of kilometres away and south-west of Jodhpur Park. Some consequential institutes in and around Jodhpur Park region include Central Glass and Ceramic Research Institute, Regional Polytechnic, Regional Institute of Printing Technology, Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science, Indian Institute of Chemical Biology, Jadavpur University, etc. Abah Mahal and Rabindra Sarovar are some of the tourist magnetization in the vicinity of Jodhpur Park.
Kalighat is kenned to be one of the oldest neighborhoods in South Kolkata. It is densely populated and has an affluent history of cultural intermingling with the sundry foreign incursions into the area over time. kalighat is kenned for the famous temple Kalighat Kali Temple dedicated to the goddess Kali which is considered as one of the 51 Shakti Peethas wherein the right toe of Dakshayani is verbally expressed to have fallen here. The place is famous place as a pilgrimage for Shiva and Durga/Kali/Shakti worshippers within the Hindu religion.Another prominent temple in this area is the Kalika temple that has references in 15th century texts. In the Kalika Temple, the image of the deity is incomplete wherein only the face of the deity was made first and the hands are composed of gold and silver. Over the years Shiva statue and jewelries are integrated. On auspicious occasions like Durga Puja, Kali Puja, Sankranti and Poila Boishakh or the Bengali New Year sizable voluminous number of devotees throng the place with offerings. Kalighat paintings, one of the most stylish Indian paintings are the most eminent in this place kenned to be developed during the nineteenth century and is kenned to bring in prosperity in the city of Kolkata. It is characterized by benevolently curving figures of both men and women and an earthy satirical style.
Esplanade is more of a colonial district and the central business area, thus considered to be the heart of Kolkata. The area includes Mirza Ghalib Street. Park Street, Dalhousie Square (B.B.D. Bag), Barra Bazaar, Sudder Street and Chandni Chowk.
Entali is spread over components of Ward Nos. 54, 55 and 56 of Kolkata Municipal Corporation. It is surrounded by Sealdah and Beliaghata in the north, Beniapukur in the south Tangra in the east and Taltala in the west. It is said that during late 1928, Mother Teresa arrived in Kolkata. She worked in Loreto Convent at Entally but the slums beyond the school compound engaged her more and more. In 1948, she secured the sanction to work plenarily with the poor and the sick and thus established a home in an obscure house in Entally. With this small start of her strong mission to help the poor and the downtrodden, her activities spread out subsequently to other areas of Kolkata.
Also in the area rests the Sri Sri Radha Mohan Jewtemple house which is situated on the Panbagan lane in Entally. This area hosts a number of cultural events and seasonal festivals. The establishment is also considered to be the first establishment in Calcutta to perform daily worship and bhajan of Satya Sai Baba.
B.B.D. Bagh is the minimized version for Benoy-Badal-Dinesh Bagh formerly called Dalhousie Square. B.B.D. Corresponds to three adolescent Indian independence activists namely Benoy, Badal and Dinesh, who shot dead the N.S. Simpson, Inspector General of Prisons at the then Dalhousie square on 8 December 1930. B.B.D. Bagh is the heart of Kolkata and many famous buildings of housing's importance and banks are located in this area. This place is additionally locally kenned as the Office Para, betokening the locality of offices as a sizable voluminous part of the quotidian commuters from the neighborhood peregrinates to this place for livelihood. The square is famous for the frugal food vendors that sell cheap foods throughout the day to clerks and officers who work in the offices. However, in the night, the place is very quiet as there are scarcely any residential buildings in the district.
The area in east Kolkata is rapidly developing with IT sector and is withal home to India's most astronomically immense malls. The area encompasses Salt Lake City (Bidhan Nagar), Rajarhat, Chinar, E.M. Bypass and Park Lake Town. With the growing time an abundance of five star hotels, posh housing estates, techno parks and theme parks are being built in this area.
Sealdah is one of the most noted railway station accommodating Kolkata. The station was commenced in the year 1869. Since then it is kenned to be one of the most diligent railway stations in India. Sealdah withal kenned as the Vidhan Sabha constituency was an assembly constituency in Kolkata however as a consequence of the orders of the Delimitation Commission, Sealdah-Vidhan Sabha constituency ceased to subsist from 2011 and is now under the Calcutta North East (Lok Sabha constituency). Sealdah has three station terminals namely Sealdah North, Sealdah South and Sealdah Main. The North section consists of Sealdah North and Sealdah Main buildings with 13 platforms numbering 1 to 4/4A (Sealdah North), and 5 to 9C, 9A & 9B (Sealdah Main). Sealdah South section comprises of Sealdah South terminal with 6 platforms (10-14,14A). The north and south section is connected by two links, one is Dumdum-Majherhat link popularly kenned as the circular rail and an extension of circular rail called Bidhannagar-Parkcircus.