“The City of Joy”, Kolkata boasts of various historical museums which
have both architectural and historical significance. Museums conserve the history of not only Kolkata but Bengal from the Old British days till the recent times.
The major museums of Kolkata:
Museum is the largest and one of the oldest museum not only in India
but in Asia too. It is the only museum of national repute which has
approximately sixty galleries of Art, Archaeology, Anthropology, Geology,
Zoology and Botany sections, spread over ten thousand square feet
The museum was founded by Dr. Nathaniel
Wallich, a botanist in 1814. It is situated at the Asiatic Society of 1,
Park Street, Kolkata.
Location: Jawaharlal Nehru Road, Park Street area Timings: 10.00-17.00 (March – November), 10.00-16.30 (December – February) Entry Fees - For Adult- Rs.50/-; For children 5 YEARS - Rs.20/-; Foe foreigner - Rs.500/-
For more details can visit https://indianmuseumkolkata.org
Ashutosh Museum of Indian Art:
art museum is among one of famous visiting places for art lovers in
Kolkata , which is located in the main campus of University of Kolkata.
It was established in 1937 and became thee first public museum in any
University in India.
The university museum is named after Sir Ashutosh
Mukherjee who was the Vice-Chancellor of the university. The museum
houses some finest Hindu and Buddhist sculpture and an extensive
collection of patachitras from Bengal, playing cards, palm leaf
manuscripts and ritual objects of different eras of Bengal's history.
Location: University of Calcutta (Main Campus), College Street Timings: 10.30 A.M.to 5.00 P.M. (Monday-Friday), 10.30 A.M. to 1.30 P.M. (Saturday) * Closed on - Sunday & National Holiday Entry Fee: Rs. 10.00 per person
Victoria Memorial of Kolkata was established in 1921 which is commonly
known as “White Palace”, has its historic significance.
It was founded in the memory of Victoria Queen
of United Kingdom. The memorial building is now serves as a museum and
tourist attraction too.
The Monument was built in Indo-Saracenic
style with Mughal elements in the structure. The idea behind the
structure is to serve as a tribute to successful British Empire in
Inside the museum there is a huge collection of remembrances
relating to Victoria and the British presence in India as well as other
The Memorial also contains a Royal Gallery
housing a number of portraits of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert and
paintings illustrating their life.
After India gained independence in
the year 1947, certain additions were made to the Victoria Memorial.
These additions formed National Leader's Gallery, containing the
portraits and relics relating to Indian independence.
Location: Queen's Way, Kolkata Timings: Victoria Memorial Garden - 5.30 a.m. to 7 p.m. Victoria Memorial Hall (Museum) - 10.00 a.m. to 5 p.m. (Closed on Mondays) Entry Fees: Victoria
Memorial Garden: Daily ticket : Rs. 20/- per head, per entry, Monthly
ticket : Rs.200/- per head, Yearly ticket : Rs. 1000/- (Garden tickets
does not entitle entry to the museum building) Victoria Memorial Hall
(Museum): For Indians - the entry fee to the museum is Rs. 10/- (per
head), For all foreigners - the entry fee to the museum is Rs. 150/-(per
head) * Free for school children up to 12 years age in uniform and Army personnel in uniform
For more details can visit https://www.victoriamemorial-cal.org
Rabindra Bharti Museum:
famous Rabindra Bharti Museum was established in the year of 1961 in
the remembrance of famous poet and Nobel laureate Gurudev Rabindra Nath
Tagore, of Bengal.
The place is widely known as “Thakurbari” which was
the home of Rabindra Nath Tagore. The museum is a part of the Rabindra Bharati University, which is
also situated inside the Thakurbari complex.
The museum houses the
paintings of Tagores, Bengal school, manuscripts of Rabindranath Tagore
and the family, photographs, rich collection of books and journals,
original paintings and other items related to the leading personalities
of the 19th century such as Iswar Chanda Vidyasagar and Dwarkanath
Every year various cultural programes hosts by the museum
including Poila Baisakh, 25th Baishakh which is the birthday of
Rabindranath Tagore, 22nd Sravana the date of poet demise and the birth
anniversaries of world famous poets.
Location: Dwarakanath Tagore Lane Kolkata Timings: 10:00 am to 5:00 pm. Free Entry
Birla Industrial & Technological Museum:
Industrial & Technological Museum is situated in 19A, Gurusaday
road, in South Kolkata.
It was founded in 1956 and was initiated by the
Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) and was came under
the National Council of Science Museums (NCSM) in 1978.
Location: Gurusaday Road, Kolkata Timings: 10.00 a.m. to 5:30 p.m. (Tuesday to Sunday)
Calcutta Museum/ Kolkata Panorama:
Panorama is famous for enriching exhibits of Bengal History and culture
of 500 years. It is located in the historic town hall of Kolkata which
is India’s first multimedia story telling museum.
The museum is
successfully run from the year 2002 and holds a large collection of
various models and interactive exhibits, which are displayed in Bengali
The Birla Planetarium in Kolkata (popularly
known as taramandal) is a single-storeyed circular structure, which came
into existence on 29 th September, 1962 and officially opened to the
public with an inaugural address by Pandit Jawahar Lal Nehru on 2 nd
The Planetarium is situated at Chowringhee Road adjacent to
the Victoria Memorial, St Paul's Cathedral, and the maidan in south
It is the largest planetarium in Asia and the second largest
planetarium in the world.
Ever since its beginning, it has proved
to be an asset for the common people as well as the students in
understanding the different sorts of phenomenon that take place in the
ever so mysterious space.
Location: South of the Maidan Timings: Hindi – 12:30, 2:30, 4:30 pm(Daily) English – 3:30 and 5:30 pm(Daily) Bengali – 1:30 and 6:30 pm(Daily) Entry Fees: Rs. 60 per person
Birla Art Museum:
Academy of Art and Cultural Museum holds regular exhibitions of
contemporary Indian painters as well as sculptures. It
was founded in 1966 and is a state gallery showcasing traditional and
cultural heritage of India as well as permanent showcase of Indian
museum is rich in collection of folk arts and crafts of Bengal.It was
established in 1961 is near about 15km from Kolkata on the Diamond
The museum contains a small but rich collection of the
folk arts and crafts of undivided Bengal. The idea behind this museum was of Sri Gurusaday Dutta who
himself collected the exquisite specimen of dying folk traditions and
after his death in 1941 the unique collection was handed over to the
Bengal Bratachari Society.