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Kolkata, the land of Tagore and Mother Teresa has been gifted with many descriptions in the history. From recounting the city as the‘City of Joy’to the ‘Jewel in The Crown of the British Raj’, Kolkata has developed as the cultural center of India and is considered as a principal commercial center of East India.The city has an extensive public transport structure comprising of local trains,metro rails,trams,buses and taxis.Quality of ride differs from the contemporary metro rail to mini buses, hackneyed commuter trains, outdated trams and ferries.The state-of-art and the most primordial structure of transportation synchronize and function in the capital,making it incredibly unique in reality.
The transportation framework for Kolkata was largely urbanized during the period from 1850 to 1930.During this phase the Kolkata harbor was established, the railway system was inducted, the tram services came into action and numerous arterial roads were fabricated. More modern structure of public transport comprises the Kolkata Metro rail network which was the earliest underground metro network constructed in India.
Road Network in Kolkata
Kolkata with its extensive road network connects to regional roads,State Highways,countrywide roads.The arterial road network is supportive in handling heavy traffic in the metropolitan area of Kolkata, as most of the arterial roads are undivided 4 lane roads.North-south street is a main corridor of Kolkata running from Shyambazar to Tollygunj, Chitranjan Avenue, Jawaharlal Nehru Road, Ashutosh Mukherjee Road, Shyama Prasad Mukherjee Road and Deshpran Sashmal Road. The same route was used to construct existing Metro Corridor.
The Eastern Metropolitan Bypass that runs from north to south along the east edge of the city center assumes paramount importance in the busy yet beautiful in city of Kolkata. Another route waging importance in east-west corridor is A. J. C. Bose Road and Park Circus Connector, that connects Vidyasagar Setu and East Metropolitan Bypass.There are several other north south and east west streets in the city.
Bus Services in Kolkata
The bus transit system is the most important mode of
mass transportation in the city.There are several bus service providers, both in public and private sectors. There is an extended fleet of private and minibuses operated by individual
operators. The Calcutta State Transport Corporation (CSTC), South Bengal State Transport Corporation (SBSTC) and North Bengal State Transport Corporation (NBSTC) are public
bus service providers. Some of the existing bus terminals in the city are Esplanade Bus Terminus, Babughat Bus Terminus, Sealdah Bus Terminus.
There are numerous private players serving large number of passenger. Calcutta State Transport Corporation provides bus services to far flung areas of Kolkata.The prime body takes care of local transportation services in Kolkata. Number of buses of CSTC connects Kolkata to Siliguri, Malda, Raigunge, Balurghat, Farakka, Khajuria-Ghat etc. The
tickets can be purchased on spot from the counters or from the conductor
on the bus.
Calcutta State Transport Corporation Address: Belghoria 5, Nilgunje Road, Kolkata – 700 056 Fax No : 2553-3017 E-Mail : firstname.lastname@example.org Phone Numbers.: 2553-3014/015/016 Website: www.cstconline.org
Rail Transport in Kolkata
The city has a robust railway network. It is well-connected to the rest of India by extensive railway network. It is a headquarter of two divisions of the Indian railways - the South Eastern Railway and the Eastern Railway. Sealdah and Howrah are the main stations of the city. Apart from Sealdah and Howrah railway station, Chitpur Railway Station is also a major station in Kolkata. Both SER and the ER runs daily passenger trains that connects to neighboring districts of South 24 Parganas, North 24 Parganas, Nadia, Howrah, Hooghly etc.
Tram in Kolkata
Tram in Kolkata was introduced almost 125 years ago. During those days it was driven by horses. Slowly it underwent change and was powered by steam locomotives followed by electricity. Kolkata tram services is one of its kind in India. Today it is operated by Calcutta Tram Company Ltd which is responsible for the operation of tram network in the city of joy. CTC has a fleet of 275 trams out of which 150 are operative. CTC has 7 Depots &9 Terminals and it operates on all the popular routes of the city.
Kolkata Tram Fares
Trams1st class – Rs. 4 & Rs. 5.00 (depending on distance) 2nd class – Rs. 3.5 & Rs. 4 (depending on distance) 2nd class (With fan attached) – Rs. 4 & Rs. 5.00 (depending on distance)
Kolkata Tram Timings
The timings of electric trams are: 8-30---11-30 A.M. (during October to February) 7-30---10-00A.M. (during April to September)
Metro Rail in Kolkata
Kolkata Metro rail is the first urban mass transit system in India. The project was conceived in 1969 and came into existence in February, 1979. The first Metro train came into operation on 24th October, 1984 and ran between Esplanade and Bhowanipur spanning a stretch of 3.4 kms . The complete section of Metro Rail from Dum Dum to Tollygunj for a total length of 16.5 kms, was commissioned on 27th September 1995.
Facilities in Kolkata Metro
With air conditioned coach and regular services between stations Kolkata metro proves its utility to the citizens for whom it serves as a best and most convenient medium to ply from one place to another. Keeping in mind the care for the old and women folk some seats in each compartment are reserved for these sections of society.
Kolkata Metro Timings
Monday – Friday: 07:00 to 21:45 Saturday: 07:00 to 21:45 Sunday: 14:00 to 21:45 Holidays: 07:00 to 21:45
Kolkata Metro Fare
Compare to other metro rails of the world fare of Kolkata metro is cheapest and quite affordable. The minimum fare is Rs. 4 while the maximum fare is Rs 14 and so it is certainly an economical mode of transportation. One can also get a smart card available in recharge values of INR 100, INR 200, INR 300 and INR 500 and provides a concession of 10% during each of the travel journey.
Taxis in Kolkata
Taxis in Kolkata are perfect for traveling to places of interest, sightseeing, airport hauling and more. Yellow colored taxis are famous for their look and services. You can hire then to travel in comfort to the important places in the city. Kolkata Cabs are often hired by then residents for attending interviews or airport hauling or for attending any special occasion in the city.
Rickshaws and Auto-Rickshaws in Kolkata
Hand-pulled rickshaws are popular mode of traveling and transportation in Kolkata. Unlike other parts of the country where you can find cycle rickshaws, in Kolkata you will come across rickshaws pulled by men. These hand pulled rickshaws are not allowed to ply over main roads of Kolkata. You can find them in remote localities of Kolkata. Through there is effort made by the Government to do away with the practice of hand pulled rickshaws still there is no denying that it is a popular means to travel to nearby market area in Kolkata.
Auto-rickshaws are other popular mode of transportation in Kolkata. You can hire a Pre-Paid or shared auto-rickshaws to reach the destination.There routes on which auto-rickshaws ply and in this way they connect one part of the city to another. They are perfect means to reach nearby places. The fare is normally beyond the reach of the common people .Though they are not allowed on major arterial roads and certain part of the city.