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Victoria Memorial - An Epitome of Kolkata's Historical Past
Victoria Memorial, also known as Victoria Memorial Hall, is one of the most popular tourist attractions in Kolkata, West Bengal. The exquisite white memorial building was dedicated to Queen Victoria, the empress of British India. The architectural building is an epitome of rich culture and historic significance in India. Apart from portraits of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert it also houses paintings ranging from the miniature paintings from the Mughal School to the oil paintings of the British royal family. Further it has a major collection of sculptures and manuscripts from the British period.
Today it counts amongst the most popular places to visit in Kolkata. Enjoy beautiful laser audio-video show every evening. Royal Gallery is an exclusive portion of the hall and contains charismatic oil paintings of Queen Victoria. The life like images depicts the major events in the life of the royal highness. The paintings depicting scene of her coronation in June 1838;her marriage with Prince Albert (1840) and many other important events of her life.
Points of attraction inside Victoria Memorial Hall
The Royal Gallery
The Calcutta Gallery
A glance to its interesting past
On the event of death of Queen Victoria in January 1901, Lord Curzon, the then Viceroy of India, placed a petition before the public to set up a memorial dedicated to the Queen. He suggested that the memorial would be a spacious, stately monumental building, encircled by exquisite landscaped garden. It was decided to be a historical museum, which exhibits the statutes and pictures of men who played a significant role in the history and pride of the country. The then princes and public of India generously responded to Lord Curzon’s appeal for funds to build the Victoria Memorial Hall, with the total cost of construction amounting to one crore and five lakh rupees. The fund was entirely derived from voluntary subscriptions from princes and public of India.
A journey Through The Lanes of Victoria Memorial
The Victoria Memorial exudes spectacular Indo-Saracenic style, designed by Sir William Emerson, featuring distinct Mughal elements in the structure. The exquisite, landscaped gardens encircling the memorial were designed by Lord Redesdale and Sir David Pain. The foundation stone of Memorial Hall was laid down in 1906, and was built as a dedication to the success of British Empire in India. The design of the memorial represents a stunning fusion of Mughal and British architecture, exuding a distinct style and charm. It is built from white makrana marbles to fantastically add to its sheer style and splendor.
The magnificent hall is 338 feet by 228 feet, with the spectacular height of 184 feet, standing proud along Rabindra Sadan, Kolkata. It is exquisitely nestled amidst 64 acres of lush, beautiful gardens, and houses a museum that exhibits a fantastic collection of memorabilia and relics related to Queen Victoria and British Empire in India. It also houses a Royal Gallery that presents beautiful portraits of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert, and spectacular paintings illustrating their lives. Post independence, National Leader’s Gallery was additionally formed within Victoria Memorial, presenting relics and portraits related to Indian independence. The angel of victory atop the dome of Victoria Memorial can be seen even from distant locations and is one of the key highlights of the hall.
Spend quality time at lush green garden surrounding the hall
An exquisitely designed, landscaped garden encircles the Victoria Memorial, accentuating its charm and exuberance. Towards the north gate, there is a spectacular bronze statue of Queen Victoria, elegantly seated on her throne wearing the robe of Star of India. There are also statues of King Edward VII, Lord Curzon and other renowned dignitaries such as Lord Ripon, Lord Bentinck, and Sir Rajendranath Mookerjee. The main entrance of the Victoria Memorial features a lion’s head with water flowing out of it and passing into four troughs that represent four great rivers in India – Ganges, Krishna, Indus, and Jamuna.
Exquisitely designed and built, Victoria Memorial is one of the prime attractions of Kolkata.
Address & Contact details:
Address: 1, Queen's Way, Kolkata, West Bengal 700071
Phone:033 2223 1891 Website:www.victoriamemorial-cal.org Architectural style: Indo-Saracenic Revival architecture Timings:10:00 am – 5:00 pm Remains open on all working days except Mondays.
Entry Fees :
For Indians - the entry fee to the museum is Rs. 10/- (per head) For all foreigners - the entry fee to the museum is Rs. 150/-(per head) Free for school children up to 12 years age in uniform and Army personnel in uniform
For more information on other tourist attractions, click here